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Thursday, 13 June 2019

GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS RISKS AND SYMPTOMS

GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS RISKS AND SYMPTOMS

GYNECOLOGICAL CANCERS RISKS AND SYMPTOMS


Gynecological cancers are more common than many women think. Gynecological cancers are cancer developing in the five reproductive organs. Younger and older women may develop cancer in their cervix, ovaries, uterus, vagina or vulvar. Choose the best OB/GYN Brooklyn if you have symptoms that indicate you have gynecological cancer.

Facts about Gynecological Cancers

Every woman faces the possibility of cancer occurring in her reproductive organs. 110,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with this cancer every year according to the American Cancer Society.

Uterine – 63,230
Ovarian – 22,240
Cervical – 13,240
Vulvar – 6,190
Vaginal – 5,170
Early detection is a woman’s best insurance that gynecological cancer can be successfully treated. Know the symptoms and seek help promptly from a qualified OB/GYN Brooklyn team.

Uterine

Cancer of the uterus begins in the muscle wall or lining of the uterus. Uterine cancer that begins in the lining of the uterus is called a carcinoma. Carcinomas account for 95 percent of uterine cancers.

Risk factors include pelvic radiation for prior cancer, race (African-American women are twice as likely to develop uterine sarcoma) and women who have had retinoblastoma, a rare eye cancer.

Symptoms include bleeding or discharge and pain or pressure.

Ovarian

Ovarian cancer usually begins in the ovaries or in the upper part of a woman’s fallopian tubes.

Risk factors include age (over half of patients are over 63), obesity, never having had a full-term pregnancy, first pregnancy over 35, fertility treatment, hormone therapy after menopause and family history of ovarian, breast or colon cancer.

Symptoms include bleeding or discharge, pelvic or back pain or pressure, bloating or change in bathroom habits.

Cervical

Cervical cancer begins in the lining of the cervix, the opening of the uterus. Cervical cancer is one of the few cancers that can sometimes be prevented by having annual Pap smears. If pre-cancerous cells are found, early treatment can prevent the development of cancer.

Risk factors include human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, smoking, having the HIV AIDS) virus, past or existing chlamydia infection, diet low in fruits and vegetables, long-term use of birth control pills, obesity, IUD use, pregnancy before 17 years old, exposure to DES (not used since 1971), and family history.

Vulvar

Vulvar cancer is a rare cancer affecting the lips (skin folds) at the opening of the vagina.

Age is a major factor. Half of patients are over 70. The HPV virus is the significant major cause.

Symptoms include itching, burning or sores and warts.

Vaginal

he vagina is known as the birth canal. Risk factors include age, DES exposure, HPV, history of cervical cancer and smoking and/or alcohol use.

Symptoms include bleeding, discharge or change in bathroom habits.

Choosing a gynecologic cancer team located at an OB/GYN Brooklyn center is a key factor in successful treatment of gynecological cancer. Having a team of healthcare professionals all within one facility reduces stress.